Today, almost everyone has been to a classroom at some point in their lives. Education has become a basic need in most if not all countries. In the past, education was only accessible to the wealthy. Besides, this was an easy way to rule the majority, who did not support the rich’s ideologies.
As time progressed, education became available reliant on how much you could afford. Still, there was a class of people, mostly the peasants, who could still not enter the classroom. Today, most states offer free education in public or state-owned schools and even provide all the necessary resources.
Education, therefore, is a gradual change that positively impacts human life and behavior. This change comes from acquiring knowledge through study, whereby an instructor or teacher helps you advance at different stages.
What Is Formal Education?
Formal education is an organized and systematic method of learning. This is the education of a particular level provided to students by trained teachers. Each country has organizations that govern formal education to ensure that it is unvarying and abides by all learning institutions provided values.
Also, formal education is classroom-based and has different young children’s levels to an adult ready to enter career life after graduation. This means that a student acquires knowledge from books and other educational materials in a classroom. The students will only learn with trained and licensed teachers who will come daily to keep the learning process consistent. School attendance is mandatory to ensure the impact of knowledge is procedural.
Characteristics of Formal Education
- Formal education has a hierarchal structure from bottom to top
- It is intended and thoughtful
- Parents or caregivers have to pay school fees regularly
- It has a sequential categorizing system
- It features a syllabus and subject-oriented. The syllabus should be complete at a set.
- Teachers are present to teach the child
Pros of Formal Education
- It is an organized educational system with upgraded contents.
- Students gain knowledge from skilled and licensed teachers.
- It is a structured and orderly process of learning
- Assessments in the intermediate and final stages are provided to advance qualified students to the next learning level.
- Learning institutions are administratively and physically controlled.
- In the end, students acquire a formally recognized certificate.
- The recognized qualifications certificate enables students to access jobs effortlessly.
Cons of Formal Education
- At times, the academic sessions take too long to elapse, which leads to students feeling bored waiting for the next phase.
- Because formal education invites all students from different backgrounds, there can be risks of bad habits brewing from the mixture of good and bad students.
- Sometimes, lazy students may take too long to learn, hence wasting time even after skilled teachers’ motivation.
- There are risks of unlicensed teachers training students.
- Some students may find the system hard to cope with and prefer other forms of learning.
- Costly and stiff education compared to other methods of learning.
The world has evolved to formal education, which has internationally recognized exams, making graduates seek jobs almost anywhere in the world.